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Montenegro Cities Pljevlja

  • 19. 07. 2015

Welcome to Pljevlja, the northernmost town in Montenegro, a place where Christianity and Islam have intertwined for centuries...

The oldest preserved traces of human life on the territory of Pljevlja originate from the second millennium B.C. and belong to the early Bronze Age. The presence of Roman civilisation from the first to the fourth century has been shown by excavations of the settlement Municipium, found in Komini. It is thought that this Roman town originated in the second century AD and was one of the most important settlements in the Dalmatian provincial interior. During the mediaeval period, two of the most beautiful monuments of Christianity and Islam in Montenegro were built in Pljevlja – the Holy Trinity Monastery and the Hussein Paša Mosque.
The region of Pljevlja contains beautiful mountain villages, unspoilt nature, the mountains of Ljubišnja and Kovač, and the Tara, Drago and Ćehotina canyons.

Monastery of the Holy Trinity

The monastery was built in the 16th century in the close vicinity to Pljevlja. Until the end of the 18th century, the monastery of the Holy Trinity was known for its literary and copying center, as well as one of the pillars of the Orthodox population under the reign of Turks (for 450 years) not only in the region of Pljevlja but also in then Montenegro, Old Raška, Herzegovina Sandžak. Some of the most important manuscripts produced in the Trinity are now dispersed in museums and archives worldwide (A part of "Vrhobreznički chronograph” is preserved in Prague, while "Pljevlja Officer” from the 14th century is kept in St. Petersburg). 

The Monastery of the Holy Trinity also keeps a coffin in which body of Saint Sava laid until it was taken to Vračar. Inside the coffin is a left hand, which is believed to have been the one of Saint Sava. 
Both Orthodox Christians and Muslims show respect to the coffin and according to a custom, people are supposed to crawl underneath. The monastery library and the treasury keeps valuable books on the parchment paper from the 13th and 14th century, the oldest known correction sheets from 1557, 824 Turkish documents relating to the monastery and its numerous properties, silver plated rod of Saint Sava (with which, according to many legends, he was finding and creating water sources), golden chalice of Abbot Stefan (Stephen), tabernacle from the 16th century, old church fabric and embroidery, hardware for books and famous "Hexaemeron", written by monk Gabriel Trojičanin in the 16th century.

The Hussein-paša mosque

The Hussein-paša mosque is located in the centre of Pljevlja.The Hussein-paša mosque is located in the centre of Pljevlja.

 The mosque’s minaret is 42 metres high. This masterpiece of Islamic culture in the Balkans was built at the end of the 16th century, courtesy of Hussein-paša Boljanić, who was born in the village Boljanić, near Pljevlja.
Prior to settling in Pljevlja, Hussein-paša performed a number of important duties at the court in Constantinople. The mosque was built from finely hewn stone, with rich internal ornaments, while the walls are painted with floral details and a quotation from the Koran

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